Particles and Auxiliary Words
zhùcí
助词

These words are used to create changes in tone of voice, indicate a changed state of affairs, create possession, express result and degree, etc.

Examples of Chinese particles and auxiliary words are as the following.

of
de

this “de” is called白勺的(bái sháo de) and is used in the following situations:
a. used as an attribute after a noun

A girl’s name
Yī ge nǚ hái de míng zi
一个女孩的名字

b. used as an attribute after a verb

something to be done
yāo zuò de shì
要做的事

c. used after an adjective
a cute cat
yī ge kě ài de māo
一个可爱的猫

d. used after a pronoun to create possession
my name
wǒ de míng zi
我的名字

e. used after a phrase
my view on this problem
wǒ duì zhè ge wèn tí de kàn fǎ
我对这个问题的看法

f. used between a verb and a noun, another form of possession similar to 1 d.
the book he wrote
tā xiě de shū
他写的书

g. used after words belonging to the same parts of speech and functions similar to that of “and so on, etc.

I do not like flowers, grass, and things like that.
wǒ bù xǐ huan huā ér cǎo ér de
我不喜欢花儿草儿的.

h. attached to a verb, noun, pronoun, or adjective to create a nominalizer (a name)
the bookseller (a person)
mài shū de
卖书的

what you just said
nǐ gāng shuō guò de
你刚说过的

This car is a new one.
zhè liàng chē shì xīn de
这辆车是新的.

Go back to Chinese Grammar Guide.

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