Particles and Auxiliary Words
These words are used to create changes in tone of voice, indicate a changed state of affairs, create possession, express result and degree, etc.
Examples of Chinese particles and auxiliary words are as the following.
this “de” is called白勺的(bái sháo de) and is used in the following situations:
a. used as an attribute after a noun
A girl’s name
Yī ge nǚ hái de míng zi
b. used as an attribute after a verb
something to be done
yāo zuò de shì
c. used after an adjective
a cute cat
yī ge kě ài de māo
d. used after a pronoun to create possession
wǒ de míng zi
e. used after a phrase
my view on this problem
wǒ duì zhè ge wèn tí de kàn fǎ
f. used between a verb and a noun, another form of possession similar to 1 d.
the book he wrote
tā xiě de shū
g. used after words belonging to the same parts of speech and functions similar to that of “and so on, etc.
I do not like flowers, grass, and things like that.
wǒ bù xǐ huan huā ér cǎo ér de
h. attached to a verb, noun, pronoun, or adjective to create a nominalizer (a name)
the bookseller (a person)
mài shū de
what you just said
nǐ gāng shuō guò de
This car is a new one.
zhè liàng chē shì xīn de
Go back to Chinese Grammar Guide.