Basic Chinese Grammar
Mandarin Chinese grammar is considered as the easiest one in the world.
One key feature of Chinese grammar is that all words have only one grammatical form. Chinese nouns do not have articles, such as "the" and "a/an" in English, nor do they have a plural form. Only one form of each verb exists, this makes memorizing "conjugation tables" unnecessary.
In normal Chinese declarative sentences, word order is the same as that of normal English declarative sentences, namely, subject – verb – object (SVO). There are other types of word order appearing in more complicated structures.
I watch TV.
我看电视。(wǒ kàn diàn shì)
In Chinese, the question particle 吗 (ma) is used to form a simple yes/no question.
You are Chinese.
你是中国人。 (nǐ shì zhōng guó rén)
Are you Chinese?
你是中国人吗? (nǐ shì zhōng guó rén ma?)
1. Past tense
Completed actions are usually expressed by using the past particle 了(le). The particle usually appears after the verb or object.
I watched TV.
我看电视了。(wǒ kàn diàn shì le)
2.Present continuous tense
The present continuous tense is used to express the action being performing right now. In Chinese, 正在 (zhèng zài) is usually used.
I am watching TV.
我正在看电视。(wǒ zhèng zài kàn diàn shì)
To express action in the near future, the particle , 要(yào)/就(jiù)/ is used.
I am going to watch TV.
我要看电视。(wǒ yào kàn diàn shì)