In this pinyin lesson, we learn three Initials, which are z, c, s. We also learn some Chinese characters that use "z, c, s". In addition, you can have listening exercises and quizzes for z, c, s.
Initials are called 声母 in simplified Chinese (pinyin: shēngmǔ). There are 21 initials excluding y and w.
The conventional order is:
b, p, m, f; d, t, ,n, l; g, k, h; j, q, x; zh, ch, sh, r; z, c, s
Pronunciation Guide for z, c, s
The letters z, and c are pronounced more like the letters ds, and ts in suds, and cats, respectively.
The following guide is given in terms of English pronunciation. They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.
1. z: as ds in “beds”.
2. c: as ts in “cats”.
3. s: as s in “sit”.
Chinese Character: 字
English translation: Chinese Character
Chinese Character: 刺
English translation: thorn
Chinese Character: 四
English translation: four
Exercise 1: Tone Drill
Listen to the audio first, and then repeat.
1. zā zá zǎ zà
2. cā cá cǎ cà
3. sā sá sǎ sà
Listening Quiz (8)
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