In this pinyin lesson, we learn four Initials, which are zh, ch, sh, r. We also learn some Chinese characters that use "zh, ch, sh, r". In addition, you can have listening exercises and quizzes for zh, ch, sh, r.
Initials are called 声母 in simplified Chinese( pinyin: shēngmǔ). There are 21 initials excluding y and w.
The conventional order is:
b, p, m, f; d, t, ,n, l; g, k, h; j, q, x; zh, ch, sh, r; z, c, s
Pronunciation Guide for zh, ch, sh, r
The letters zh, ch, sh, r are known as the retroflex initials, meaning that they should be pronounced with the tongue curled backwards.
The following guide is given in terms of English pronunciation. They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.
1. zh: as j in “just”, but with your tongue tip curled far back.
2. ch: as ch in “chiken”.
3. sh: as sh in “sheep”.
4. r: as r in “round”.
Chinese Character: 纸
English translation: paper
Chinese Character: 吃
English translation: eat
Chinese Character: 十
English translation: ten
Chinese Character: 日
English translation: sun
Exercise 1: Tone Exercise
Listen to the audio first, and then repeat.
1. zhā zhá zhǎ zhà
2. chā chá chǎ chà
3. shā shá shǎ shà
4. rē ré rě rè
Listening Quiz (7)
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