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In this Pinyin Lesson, we learn how to pronounce three initials, which are g, k, h. We also learn some Chinese characters that use "g, k, h". In addition you can have tone drill and quiz.

Initials

Initials are called 声母 in simplified Chinese (pinyin: shēngmǔ). There are 21 initials excluding y and w.

The conventional order is:
b, p, m, f; d, t, ,n, l; g, k, h; j, q, x; zh, ch, sh, r; z, c, s

Pronunciation Guide for g, k, h

The letters b, d, and g are really the un-aspirated versions of p, t, and k. This means that they are pronounced in the way the letters p, t, and k are pronounced after the letter s (as in spy, sty, and sky).

The following guide is given in terms of English pronunciation. They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.

1. g: as the k in “skate”, or g in “gate”.

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2. k: as k in "kick", but with a stronger aspiration.
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3. h: as h in “hurt”.
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Example Words

Example 1:

Chinese Character: 哥
Pinyin: gē

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English translation: elder brother
brother
Example 2:

Chinese Character: 渴
Pinyin: kě

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English translation: thirsty
thirsty
Example 3:

Chinese Character: 喝
Pinyin: hē

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English translation: drink
drink

Exercises:

Exercise 1: Tone Drill

Listen to the audio first, and then repeat.

1. gā gá gǎ gà

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2. kā ká kǎ kà
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3. hā há hǎ hà
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Listening Quiz (5)

Choose the right answer after you listen to the audio.
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If you are interested in learning Chinese, please take a look at the Free Chinese Lessons that are practical and fun.

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