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In this pinyin lesson, we learn four compound finals, which are ang, eng, ing, ong. We also learn some Chinese characters that use "ang, eng, ing, ong". In addition, you can have listening exercises and quizzes for ang, eng, ing, ong.


Finals are all possible combinations of semivowels coming before the vowel, the nucleus vowel, and final vowel.
There are 14 compound finals (复韵母) and 14 nasal finals (鼻韵母).

Compound finals: ai, ei, ui; ao, ou, iu; ie, üe; er; ia, iao; ua, uo, uai
Nasal finals: an, en; in, un, ün; ang, eng, ing, ong; ian, iang, iong; uan, uang

Pronunciation Guide for ang, eng, ing, ong

The following guide is given in terms of English pronunciation. They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.

1. ang: as ong in “song”.


2. eng: as eng in “length”.

3. ing: as ing in “sing”.

4. ong: as “u + eng”.

Example Words

Example 1:

Chinese Character: 脏
Pinyin: zāng


English translation: dirty

Example 2:

Chinese Character: 灯
Pinyin: dēng


English translation: lamp

Example 3:

Chinese Character: 鹰
Pinyin: yīng


English translation: eagle

Example 4:

Chinese Character: 东
Pinyin: dōng


English translation: east

Exercises and Quiz:

The Exercises and Quiz are available for registered members.

If you are interested in learning Chinese, please take a look at the Free Chinese Lessons that are practical and fun.

6 Responses to “Learn Chinese Pinyin in 21 Days – Day 14: Finals, ang, eng, ing, ong”

  1. Adam

    Love this site first off. But I swear we don’t pronounce the eng in length like the sound clip. That’s some approximation. Also what is this u that is being added to other sounds to make the non English equivalents. How do we pronounce it?

  2. aihua


    Hi Adam,

    Thank you for your comment.
    Yes,just as I said “They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.” However, some people like the “English equivalents” since they may help them to remember.

    For the sound “u” please refer to
    Learn Chinese Pinyin in 21 Days – Day 2: Single Vowels.

  3. John Hite

    In example 3 “ying” I believe that when Y comes before I it is not pronounced. so “ying” should be pronounced like “ing” as in the later example.

  4. John Hite

    For “eng” you say that it is like “eng in length” but you pronounce it like “ung in sung”.

    • aihua


      Hi John,

      This time, I do not agree with you.
      Please listen one more time carefully.
      Thank you very much for sharing your thoughts again.


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