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In this pinyin lesson, we learn five compound finals, which are an, en, in, un, ün. We also learn some Chinese characters that use "an, en, in, un, ün". In addition, you can get listening exercises and quizzes for an, en, in, un, ün.


Finals are all possible combinations of semivowels coming before the vowel, the nucleus vowel, and final vowel.
There are 14 compound finals (复韵母) and 14 nasal finals (鼻韵母).

Compound finals: ai, ei, ui; ao, ou, iu; ie, üe; er; ia, iao; ua, uo, uai
Nasal finals: an, en; in, un, ün; ang, eng, ing, ong; ian, iang, iong; uan, uang

Pronunciation Guide for an, en, in, un, ün

The final "un" is the short form of "uen". Namely, "uen = un".

The final "ün" is the short form of "üen". Namely, "üen = ün". The final “üen” is written as “un” (no ūmlaut) after j, q, x, or y. Namely, “jüen = jun”, “qüen = qun”, “xüen = xun”, and “yüen = yun”.

The following guide is given in terms of English pronunciation. They are approximate, as there are some sounds of Pinyin do not correspond directly to sounds in English.

1. an: as an in “land”.


2. en: as en in “end”.

3. in: as ”in”.

4. un: as oon in “noon”.

5. ün: as “ü + n”.

Example Words

Example 1:

Chinese Character: 看
Pinyin: kàn


English translation: look

Example 2:

Chinese Character: 门
Pinyin: mén


English translation: door

Example 3:

Chinese Character: 林
Pinyin: lín


English translation: forest

Example 4:

Chinese Character: 棍
Pinyin: gùn


English translation: stick

Example 5:

Chinese Character: 云
Pinyin: yún


English translation: cloud

Exercises and Quiz:

The Exercises and Quiz are available for registered members.

If you are interested in learning Chinese, please take a look at the Free Chinese Lessons that are practical and fun.

2 Responses to “Learn Chinese Pinyin in 21 Days – Day 13: Finals, an, en, in, un, ün”

  1. John Hite

    The audio for “vn” #5 sounds like ming so it must be a mistake. The other #5 “yun” is also has an audio that sounds like “ming”. Something is wrong.

  2. aihua


    Hi John,

    The audio for “vn” #5 sounds like “yun”. The other #5 “yun” is just added the second tone, the rising tone.

    Please listen one more time carefully.

    Thank you very much for sharing your thoughts.


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