Learn how to make a self introduction. We also learn the first Pinyin, four tones, some words and expressions in Mandarin Chinese. You can start learning Mandarin Chinese from this lesson.
Today, we are going to learn how to make a self introduction. Before that, we learn a short greeting. Usually before we introduce our self, we say "hello".
Hello! or Hi!
In Chinese, 你好！ (nǐ hǎo)
Next, we learn how to make a self introduction.
|Aihua||I'm Aihua. In Chinese,|
|Aihua||I'm 30 years old. In Chinese,|
Pinyin Tone Marks
Mandarin Chinese is a tonal language, so it is extremely important to pronounce Chinese characters and words with correct tone. In transliterated Chinese, tone markings are written over the central vowels in most syllables. Some syllables have no specific tone, and then no sign is put above any vowel, or called neutral tone. There are four tones and a neutral tone in Mandarin Chinese.
- The 1st tone, flat tone is marked with a line over a vowel such as
a + - = ā
- The 2nd tone, rising tone is marked with a rising line over a vowel such as
a + ´ = á
- The 3rd tone, falling-rising tone is marked with a hook over a vowel such as
a + v = ă
- The 4th tone, falling tone is marked with a falling line over a vowel such as
a + ` = à
- For neutral tone also called toneless tone (called "light sound" in Chinese), no marking is put above any vowel. For example,
a + " " = a
Using Numbers to Indicate the Tones
In addition to use tone marks, Pinyin uses numbers to indicate the tones.
The followings are the example of 'a' with tone marks. To listen to the audio, please click the triangle of the icon.
- First tone: a1 or ā
- Second tone: a2 or á
- Third tone: a3 or ǎ
- Fourth tone: a4 or à
Pronunciation Guide For Tones
The following table describes 4 tones and the neutral tone marking the sound "a".
Each tone has a distinctive pitch contour which can be graphed as bellow.
To learn more about Pinyin tones, please visit Learn Chinese Pinyin in 21 Days – Day 1: Tones.